Gingivitis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

By December 2, 2019 December 20th, 2019 Periodontics
Gingivitis

When you visit your dentist, the professional may check your gums in addition to your teeth. This is because it is possible to develop gum disease. It is better to begin treatment for this condition in the earliest stages. You might wonder what gum disease is, and it is an inflammation of the tissues around your teeth. Your dentist will look for the symptoms that are associated with this infection to determine what stage it is in to plan a course of treatments.

The signs of having gum disease can include having receding gums around one or more teeth. You can also have other issues, such as bleeding or swollen gums. Chronic bad taste in your mouth or a foul breath odor are common symptoms of gum disease. Sometimes your teeth become loose from the inflammation in the gum tissues. This indicates that the infection has spread deeper into the alveolar bones. Some individuals begin to experience pain while chewing food or drinking beverages. The inflammation in the gums is leading to extra sensitivity inside the mouth.

What Causes Gingivitis?

You may wonder what causes gingivitis, and the primary cause is poor oral health care. If you aren’t brushing your teeth at least twice a day along with flossing once a day, then you are more likely to have gum disease. An individual with tightly spaced or overlapping teeth is more likely to have bacteria around the teeth, leading to infections in the gums. However, there are other reasons for having gum disease, including consuming a poor diet that leads to teeth decay. When you have cavities in your teeth, the bacteria can spread to your mouth’s soft oral tissues and alveolar bones. This can cause severe periodontal disease.

If you smoke cigarettes, then you are more likely to have inflammation in your gums due to poor blood circulation along with the contamination from toxic nicotine. Today, drug addiction is a more common reason to have gingivitis that progresses rapidly, causing a loss of teeth. When you have a dry mouth condition that leads to a lack of saliva, you can also develop an inflammation in the gum tissues of the mouth.

Who Has Gum Disease?

Older individuals are more likely to have gingivitis due to the natural aging process that leads to receding gums and tooth decay. However, it is possible for younger individuals, including children to have gum disease. The children who develop gum disease may have bad habits, such as sucking on a thumb or using a pacifier that will change the alignment of the teeth. This makes oral hygiene more difficult. An individual who has an immunity disorder or has undergone radiation treatment for cancer may develop gum disease easily. There are studies that reveal that approximately 50% of the adult population in the United States has some type of gum disease. In many cases, the individuals aren’t aware of the problem. Females may develop gingivitis due to the frequent changes of hormones that occur during pregnancy or perimenopause.

How Can You Treat Gum Disease?

One of the best reasons to have a dental checkup every six months is to find gum disease in the earliest stages. Your dentist will clean your teeth professionally to remove any plaque and bacteria. You can also have early treatment for gum tissue inflammation. This can include taking oral antibiotics or using special mouth rinses. You will likely need a deep cleaning of the gums and the dental roots of your teeth. For this type of cleaning, a dentist will inject a numbing agent into your mouth before working on your sensitive dental roots and gums. A dentist will use small handheld tools and a laser to remove additional bacteria. In addition, a dentist may need to cut away diseased gum tissue to improve the condition of your mouth. The scaling and root planing process can require multiple office visits when you have an extensive infection.

Repairing Your Gum Tissues

If you must have debridement of the gums, then you will need a repair of the tissues to have an attractive smile. This can involve using a piece of donor tissue from your mouth or artificial tissues to cover the area where the gum tissues are removed. These soft tissue grafts will heal within a few weeks with a regeneration process. At home, you must use additional dental hygiene methods to care for your mouth. This includes rinsing with an oral irrigator that blasts water at your teeth and gums. With efficient gingivitis treatment, you are less likely to lose teeth from the infection in your gums.

Call Our Dental Offices Today

To avoid any loss of teeth, you can undergo gingivitis treatment today with a knowledgeable dentist in Phoenix.

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Imagine Dental

Imagine Dental

The Imagine Dental team of professionals have decades of combined experience between them, they understand that people go to a dentist because they need to, not necessarily because they want to. With that in mind, our team of specialists try to make sure every procedure is as pain free and as quick as possible.